This year thousands of employees will be having a ‘real’ work Christmas party. For many of us, it will be the first time they have been able to have a physical party for some time. However, it’s important to remember not to let the frivolities go to your head. People should be on their best behaviour and understand where to draw the line when it comes to festive antics.
Just because the party is being held outside the workplace, it should still be treated as an extension of the office with both employers and employees conducting themselves appropriately.
Simon Roberts, Senior Associate Solicitor at DAS Law, looks at the rules surrounding the office Christmas party…
Do the normal rules of gross misconduct apply at an office Christmas Party?
Yes they do. A work Christmas party should be considered to be an extension of the workplace, so the same rules will apply. Generally speaking, an act of gross misconduct is potentially serious enough to fundamentally breach the contract between employer and employee and justify summary dismissal.
It should further be noted that with an event that the employer hosts, they can potentially be held vicariously liable for the actions of their employees if those actions are deemed to have been committed in the course of employment. It may therefore be advisable for all employees to be reminded of their responsibilities and consequences of their actions in advance.
Common examples of Christmas party gross misconduct are serious insubordination, harassment, and damage to company property. This list is not exhaustive and if there is an incident which is sufficiently closely connected to work, and will likely impact on the working situation, then it is likely that the employer will be able to start a disciplinary investigation regarding the matter.
If any photos or videos are taken during the party, who owns the copyright?
The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 provides that the author of a photograph is the person who creates it. The person who takes the photograph/video will own the copyright unless the photo/video was created by a person in the course of their employment. In this case the copyright will be owned by the employer.
Can I have any photos/videos removed from social media or stop them being shared?
In UK law there is generally no right to privacy where an image/video is taken in a public place. In a case involving the model Naomi Campbell, the court determined that the publication of photographs taken in public would only be prevented if they were obviously private, or were offensive in some other way. This would include a person being caused humiliation or severe embarrassment.
Most social media companies have policies in place that although the creator of the photo/video is the owner, once they are uploaded you are granting a licence to that social media company to use or allow others to use that photo/video.
Due to the lack of privacy laws, the courts are generally relying upon decisions in previous cases for their findings. Publication of photographs can be prevented if they were commissioned to be taken but were then used for an unauthorised purpose.
The author of the photo/video would need to delete the photo/video from their social media account for it to be removed. However, if the photo/video has been shared by another user it is unlikely that it can be removed.
Can I insist they are permanently deleted and how do I go about this?
If the photos/video belongs to an individual then being able to get photos/videos removed from social media is highly unlikely, especially if the photo/video has already been viewed/shared. The legal recourses available to prevent or remove photos/videos are a court injunction, a court order for return or destruction, or damages by way of financial compensation.
However, if the photos/videos belong to an employer, then with the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation on the 25 May 2018, it is important to remember that an individual has the ”right to be forgotten” and can request that any photos/videos in the employer’s possession are permanently deleted or removed.
Christmas Party - DOs and DON’Ts
Generally, virtual Christmas parties can be an opportunity for employees to let their hair down and relax; However, it should not be forgotten that what happens at a virtual Christmas party does not always stay at the party.
DOs for Employers
- Invite all employees to the party even if absent through sickness, maternity or paternity leave;
- Remind employees of the company’s expectations and be clear on what will be considered inappropriate virtual behaviour;
- Try to control the amount of free alcohol and make sure food and non-alcoholic drinks are provided as well as catering for all dietary needs;
- Be prepared to deal with any inappropriate behaviour in line with company policy and be consistent in how you apply the policy;
- Avoid discussions about career prospects or remuneration with employees;
- Consider nominating a member of management to refrain from alcohol at the event in order to deal with any emergencies or incidents that arise and to monitor underage employees;
- Ensuring that the venue chosen is accessible for all – for example disabled employees
- Remind employees it is still a work related event and a certain level of professionalism is still expected
- A consistent approach to disciplinary action for unacceptable absenteeism should be taken (post party), but it is also worth remembering that people do genuinely get ill at this time of year.
DON’Ts for Employees
- Forget you are effectively still ‘at work’, so conduct yourself accordingly;
- Drink too much so that you do not know what you are doing;
- Get involved in office gossip or office ‘banter’ which could be considered offensive;
- Try to discuss why you should have a pay rise with your manager;
- Make any unwelcome advances or gestures - sexual or otherwise;
- Become violent or aggressive.
Need more help?
DAS UK customers have access to templates and guides on dashouseholdlaw.co.uk. Whether you want to challenge an employment decision, apply for flexible working rights, contest a parking ticket or create a Will, DAS Householdlaw can help.
You can access DAS Householdlaw by using the voucher code in your policy provider’s documentation.
Disclaimer: This information is for general guidance regarding rights and responsibilities and is not formal legal advice as no lawyer-client relationship has been created. Note that the information was accurate at the time of publication but laws may have since changed.